Elections shall take place in 79 local government units.
Election Day for 2017 Local Government Council Elections shall be October 15th.
Advance Voting and Internet Voting shall take place from October 5th to October 11th.
Nomination of candidates starts on August 16th and ends on September 5th.
Minimal age for a candidate is 18.
Minimal age for a voter is 16.
The candidate and voter have to be permanent residents in the respective local government unit.
All relevant information on local elections can be found here (in Estonian).
The legal act concerning local elections can be found here (in English)
Local government council elections in Estonia will be held on 15 October 2017. As a citizen of the Member State of the European Union you have the right to participate in the election in the rural municipality or city where you have a permanent place of residence according to the Estonian population register.
By 25 September 2017 at the latest you will receive a voter’s card providing information about the location of the polling place of your residence and time of voting.
The citizen of the European Union who has the right to vote and who has attained 18 years of age by the last day for the registration of candidates can stand as a candidate at the local government council elections in the list of a political party or an election coalition, or as an independent candidate, and participate in forming of an election coalition. In order to stand as a candidate to a council, a person’s permanent residence according to the population register must be in the corresponding rural municipality or city not later than on 1 August 2017.
Submitting of candidates for registration to the rural municipality or city electoral committee begins on 16 August 2017 and ends on 5 September 2017 at 6 p.m.
Additional information regarding the elections is available at http://www.valimised.ee
Ministry of Interior
See here for statistical data on Presidential Elections 2016 (in Estonian)
At the end of August, the Riigikogu will elect the new President of the Republic of Estonia. In case the Riigikogu fails to elect the President, the President is elected by the electoral body. The President of the Republic is elected for a term of five years.
See here for press releases about the elections.
The first round of elections in the Riigikogu takes place on August 29th.
Candidates to the first round of elections are nominated (each by at least 21 MPs) from August 25th to August 27th.
If no candidate receives the required 2/3 majority (at least 68 votes), a second round of voting is held on August 30th. Before the second round a new nomination of candidates (each by at least 21 MPs) is held.
If no candidate receives the required 2/3 majority (at least 68 votes) in the second round of voting, a third round of voting is held on the same day between the two candidates who receive the greatest number of votes in the second round.
If the President of the Republic is still not elected in the third round of voting (at least 68 votes needed), the President of the Riigikogu, within one month (preliminary unofficial plans at Sept 24th), convenes an electoral body to elect the President of the Republic.
The electoral body is formed of the members of the Riigikogu (who number 101) and representatives of the local government councils (234 in total). The electoral body has 335 total members.
The right to nominate a candidate rests with not less than twenty-one members of the electoral body. For the first round of voting, the names of the candidates who participated in the third round of voting in the Riigikogu and the candidates who are registered for the first round of voting in the electoral body are entered on the ballot paper.
A candidate is considered elected in the first round of voting if a majority of the members of the electoral body participating in the voting votes in favour of him or her. If no candidate receives the required majority, a second round of voting is held on the same day.
For the second round of voting, the names of the two candidates who received the greatest number of votes in the first round are entered on the ballot paper. The candidate in favour of whom a majority of the members of the electoral body participating in the voting votes is considered elected.
For more information:
Webpage of the Estonian Parliament (Riigikogu)
Estonian Constitution (Chapter 5)
President of the Republic Election Act
Statistics on presidential elections in Estonia (1992-2011)
The Estonian IT company Cybernetica has won the bid for developing the Estonian electronic voting system, entailing a renewal of the system for the local government elections in October 2017. More information
The results for the 2015 Riigikogu Elections:
Estonian Reform Party 30 seats, 27,7% votes
Estonian Centre Party 27 seats, 24,8% votes
Social Democratic Party 15 seats, 15,2% votes
Pro Patria and Res Publica Union 14 seats, 13,7% votes
Estonian Free Party 8 seats, 8,7% votes
Estonian Conservative People's Party 7 seats, 8,1% votes
Party of the Estonian Green 0 seats, 0,9% votes
People's Union Party 0 seats, 0,4% votes
Estonian Independence Party 0 seats, 0,2% votes
Estonian United Left Party 0 seats, 0,1% votes
Independent Candidates (11) 0 seats, 0,2% votes
Internet voting website
The Riigikogu Election Act
The Status of Observer
The National Election Committee
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